Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous

Настоящее Совершенное - Настоящее Совершенное Продолженное

Present Perfect используется, когда

- действие закончено, а его результат важен сейчас: I can’t find the book. I’ve lost it.

- действие закончено, а период времени, о котором идет речь, еще длится: I have drunk 2 cups of coffee today. (Today еще не закончилось); I have been to Canada twice. (подразумевается in my life, и life еще не закончилась)

Слова-помощники: just, already, yet, recently, so far, in the last few days/months, since breakfast/lunch

Present Perfect Continuous используется, когда

- действие началось, длилось и закончилось к моменту речи, а результат виден сейчас: Oh, you are absolutely wet. It has been raining.

- действие началось в прошлом и продолжается сейчас: I have been learning Spanish for two years.

Примеры использования Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous

  • Has Ruth ever cooked for you? -
  • I haven't been swimming since May. -
  • We haven't been to Sweden yet. -
  • Have you been crying? Your eyes are red. -
  • My husband has started a new painting this week. -
  • Has Dan submitted the report yet? -
  • My sister has not come back yet. -
  • They have been studying philosophy for five years. -
  • Who have you been talking to for an hour? -
  • What is the tastiest food you have ever tried? -
  • Has your mother been jogging? She looks fit! -
  • I haven't been playing hockey for a long time. -
  • I've seen the film you recommened me. -
  • There has been an accident. -
  • Julie has been working on this report since eight am. -
  • I have already done my homework . -
  • Have you been reading this paper for two hours? -
  • I have lost my phone and I can't call you. -
  • You are all sweaty! What have you been doing? -
  • Have they ever been to Scotland? -
  • They have never met Alex. -
  • Charles has been teaching at the university since August. -
  • Have you ever met Helen? -
  • Mary and Jane have been travelling since July. -
  • Why has nobody taken our order yet? -
  • I have already cooked the dinner. -
  • I have just left my job. -
  • I haven't seen Lisa today. -
  • Has Max been exercising lately? He looks great! -
  • How long have you been sitting here? -
  • Jack has been decorating the house all summer. -
  • Erica has not been listening to you all this time. -
  • How long has Nataly been calling you? -
  • Has your cousin graduated from the university yet? -
  • Recently Josh hasn't been doing the work. -
  • What countries has John ever been to? -
  • Where have I left my bag? -
  • Luke has written four books. -
  • They have been waiting for us for thirty minutes. -
  • Grandma has been cooking all day. -
  • Mary has been to Canada twice. -
  • Ann hasn't read this paper yet. -
  • Why have we been waiting for her for forty minutes? -
  • I have been writing emails for three hours. -
  • Have you only been waiting for an hour here? -
  • My best friend hasn't been talking to me for a week. -
  • How many pages have you written today? -
  • I have been working here for three months. -
  • I've been reading the book you gave me for two weeks. -
  • I have never had a pet. -