Conditional Clauses

Conditional Clauses

Правило для 1st conditional:
Данное предложение относится к первому типу условных предложений (1st Conditional). Такие предложения выражают реальное условие: если будет одно, то будет и второе. Предложения состоят из двух частей: условие (начинается с If, время Present Simple) и следствие/результат (время Future Simple).
If it stops raining, we will play tennis.
Если перестанет идти дождь, мы поиграем в теннис.
Условие и результат в предложении могут стоять в любом порядке.
I will talk to him if I see him.
Я поговорю с ним, если увижу его.

Правило для 2nd Conditional:
Данное предложение относится ко второму типу условных предложений (2nd Conditional). Такие предложения описывают воображаемые ситуации, которые противоречат реальности. Очень маловероятно, что они произойдут. Предложения состоят из двух частей: возможное условие (начинается с If, время Past Simple) и возможный результат (время Future in the past = would + инфинитив глагола без to/could/might).
If I won million dollars, I would buy a yacht.
Если бы я выиграл миллион долларов, я бы купил яхту.
Условие и результат в предложении могут стоять в любом порядке.
He could come tomorrow if he had more time.
Он мог бы прийти завтра, если бы у него было больше времени.
В письменной речи во втором типе условных предложений со всеми местоимениями употребляется were в условии.
If I were you, I would not go there.
Если бы я был тобой, я бы не пошел туда.

Правило для 3rd Conditional:
Данное предложение относится к третьему типу условных предложений (3rd Conditional). В этих предложениях условие относится к прошедшему времени и не может быть выполнено никаким образом. Предложение состоит из двух частей: условие в прошлом (начинается с If, время Past Perfect) и неосуществленный результат (время Future Perfect in the past = would + have + 3-я форма глагола).
If I had known about your problems, I would have helped you.
Если бы я знал о твоих проблемах, я бы помог тебе. (=Я не знал о твоих проблемах и не помог, прошлое изменить не получится).
Условие и результат в предложении могут стоять в любом порядке.
She would have gone to the party if she had bought a dress.
Она бы пошла на вечеринку, если бы купила платье. (=Она не купила платье и не пошла на вечеринку, этого уже не изменить)

Примеры использования Conditional Clauses

  • If you press the button, the music will be louder. -
  • If we had bought the tickets in advance, we wouldn't have missed the train. -
  • If I had known that before, I would have made a different decision. -
  • If I study well, I will pass the exam. -
  • I would go there by bus if there were any. -
  • He will open the door if he presses the yellow button. -
  • I would go to Frank Sinatra's concert if he was still alive. -
  • If I lived in Australia, I would have a pet kangaroo. -
  • I will choose the hotel if you are busy. -
  • He will buy a new phone if his father lends him money. -
  • If Argentina wins, we will celebrate. -
  • I would have gone to the game if I had bought the tickets in advance. -
  • If I don't get the job, I will be very upset. -
  • I would take up dancing classes if I had a partner. -
  • He would come if she asked him to. -
  • If I buy this dress, I will buy these shoes, too. -
  • If I had bought that dress, I would have gone to the party. -
  • If he was a scientist, he would study biology. -
  • If you cook pasta, I will cook salad. -
  • If I had bought that car, I would have spent all my money. -
  • They could have bought a new house if they had won that lottery. -
  • If she lived in Thailand, she would take up diving. -
  • If there is a direct flight, we will go to Cape Town. -
  • I will buy bread if the shop is open. -
  • If he goes to England, I will go with him. -
  • I would sleep on the beach if I lived on a desert island. -
  • I would have gotten this job if I had brought letter of recommendation -
  • I would call him if his phone worked. -
  • If I could play the guitar, I would sing you a song. -
  • We could go there if I had a car. -
  • If I were you, I would talk to him. -
  • If I could go to any planet, I would go to Venus. -
  • If I had listened to you, I would not have made this mistake. -
  • She would have gone to the beach if it hadn't rained. -
  • I would have arrived yesterday if my bus had not been late. -
  • I would have bought that dress if it had been on sale. -
  • My dad will take up classes of skiing if he goes to Switzerland. -
  • If I lived in my own flat, I would get a dog. -
  • They would have already arrived if their car hadn't broken. -
  • I would buy this dress if I were taller. -
  • If I graduated from the university, my mum would be proud of me. -
  • If you were a flower, which flower would it be? -
  • If I had more money, I would take part in charity events. -
  • I would have invited you to the restaurant if you hadn't been busy. -
  • I wouldn't have given up smoking if my doctor hadn't made me to do it. -
  • Brian will meet me tomorrow if it doesn't rain. -
  • If you are hungry, I will make you a sandwich. -
  • I would drink cappuccino if I weren't allergic to milk. -
  • If I get this job, I will work in the center. -
  • If it rains, they will cancel the match. -