Modal verbs (Will/Would)

Утверждение

Модальный глагол will используется для выражения твердой решимости, желания, намерения и переводится "хотеть, непременно".

Would используется в конструкциях would ('d) rather - пожалуй, предпочтительнее, would ('d) better - лучше, would ('d) sooner - скорее.

Чтобы составить утвердительное предложение с will или would, необходимо:

1.Поставить на первое место I/we/you/they/he/she/it или существительное в единственном или множественном числе;
2. will или would;
3. Глагол;
4. Остальные слова.

Отрицание

Отрицательные предложения образуются с помощью will not или would not. Они сокращаются до won't или wouldn't. Давайте рассмотрим их употребление.


1. На первое место поставить местоимение или существительное;
2. will not, would not или сокращенную форму won't/wouldn’t;
3. Глагол;
4. Остальные слова.

В отрицательной форме употребляется will в настоящем времени, а would в прошедшем для выражения:
1. Упорного нежелания или отказа выполнять какое-либо действие:
I won’t do it again. - Я ни за что не буду делать это снова.

2. Глагол would используется как в настоящем, так и в прошедшем времени в значении "никак, ни за что не (хочу/хотел)"
I wouldn’t lend him money to buy a car. - Я не хочу одалживать ему деньги на покупку машины.

3. Глагол will (в настоящем) would (в прошедшем) выражает противодействие, сопротивление, отказ функционировать должным образом. Соответствует русскому "никак не".
The engine wouldn’t start. - Мотор никак не заводился.

вопрос

Чтобы составить вопрос с will или would, необходимо:

1. На первое место поставить will или would (если вопрос начинается с Where/When и т.д., то will или would ставим после них);
2. Местоимение или существительное;
3. Глагол;
4. Остальные слова.

Примеры использования Modal verbs (Will/Would)

  • I decided I wouldn't argue with him. -
  • You would've stopped me. -
  • Will you pass me the salt? -
  • I think it would be wise. -
  • Would you do it for me? -
  • Would you like to make the purchase? -
  • What would you give me? -
  • You think she would be happy -
  • But I wouldn't worry about him. -
  • The sound won't stop. -
  • The boat will not return. -
  • How would you survive this? -
  • What would he have suggested? -
  • Would you like to make some money? -
  • Would you like to read the story? -
  • Why would I say this? -
  • Would you like to see an elephant? -
  • Where else would I put her? -
  • Would you calm down? -
  • Will you have a look at them? -
  • What would you like to discuss? -
  • Will you give us a chance? -
  • What would it have changed? -
  • Will you give me an answer? -
  • It would not have been a surprise -
  • Would he like to see me? -
  • Will you ask your mother about it? -
  • Would you like to meet me? -
  • Why else would I call you? -
  • The guy won't talk. -
  • Would you excuse us for a minute? -
  • It would be a wonderful education for them. -
  • I would like to be alone. -
  • I'd like to see this. -
  • I wouldn't have made this offer -
  • I wouldn't have taken any money. -
  • Would they try to stop him? -
  • You'd have stopped me! -
  • I would love to work here. -
  • I would have said so. -
  • I wouldn't like to rely on him. -
  • Would I like to see her? -
  • He would have said it. -
  • She would not have heard the message. -
  • Would you like to see the house? -
  • How would you do this? -
  • I think it would be interesting. -
  • How would you describe this? -
  • I think it would be difficult. -
  • She wouldn't try to escape again. -