Passive Voice - Past Simple

Утверждение

Пассивный залог в прошедшем используется, когда нам более важно лицо или предмет, над которым совершилось действие, а не тот, кто его совершил.


Чтобы составить утвердительное предложение в Passive Voice - Past Simple, необходимо:

1.Поставить на первое место I/we/you/they/he/she/it или существительное в единственном или во множественном числе;
2. was/were;
3. К глаголу добавить окончание -ed или использовать его 3-ю форму (для неправильных глаголов);
4. Остальные слова.

Обратите внимание на формы to be в прошедшем пассивном залоге.

- I/He/she/it или существительное в единственном числе употребляются с was;
- We/you/they или существительное(-ые) во множественном числе употребляются с were.

Отрицание

Отрицательные предложения в Passive Voice - Past Simple образуются с помощью was/were и not. Они часто сокращаются до wasn’t и weren’t. Давайте рассмотрим их употребление.


1. На первое место поставьте I/we/you/they/he/she/it или существительное в единственном или во множественном числе;
2. was/were not или сокращённую форму wasn’t/weren’t;
3. Глагол с окончанием -ed или используйте его 3-ю форму (для неправильных глаголов);
4. Остальные слова.

В отрицательных предложениях к форме глагола to be прибавляют частицу not.

- I/He/she/it was not или wasn't;
- We/you/they were not или weren't.

Вопрос

Вопросительные предложения в Passive Voice - Past Simple образуются с помощью Was/Were. Рассмотрим их образование.


- Was употребляется с I/he/she/it и глаголом с - ed или используется его 3-я форма (для неправильных глаголов).
- Were употребляется с you/we/they и глаголом с - ed или используется его 3-я форма (для неправильных глаголов).

⇒ Если в вопросе есть слова What?, Where?, When? и т.д., то was/were стоят после них.

Примеры использования Passive Voice - Past Simple

  • It was said. -
  • These people were born. -
  • She was forced to obey. -
  • He was released after a couple of months. -
  • When were you told? -
  • She wasn't medicated anymore. -
  • The dress was thrown in a corner. -
  • You weren't invited here. -
  • What time was it found? -
  • Her purse was found -
  • It was stolen. -
  • His job was done. -
  • The matter was resolved on the spot. -
  • Your mother was found -
  • The text was sent from a computer. -
  • The roads were closed. -
  • The man was not offended. -
  • The capsule was locked from the inside. -
  • The letters were ignored. -
  • The answer wasn't told -
  • He was told to wait. -
  • She was surrounded by aliens. -
  • He was not invited there. -
  • We were told to come here. -
  • Our language was forgotten. -
  • The tray was placed on the desk. -
  • The briefcase was made of fine leather. -
  • How were they caught? -
  • The films were destroyed. -
  • Another note was found in the kitchen. -
  • His bicycle was damaged. -
  • The past was not mentioned. -
  • My tale was told. -
  • Ferdinand was born near Portugal. -
  • A leader was chosen for each unit. -
  • The conditions were accepted. -
  • Keith was arrested in London -
  • Ben was raised in England -
  • He was born in 1905. -
  • That letter was sent to me. -
  • The diamond was stolen from the museum. -
  • A chair was placed for the teacher. -
  • You were asked to leave. -
  • His requests were denied. -
  • This rock was found in South Africa. -
  • The second dish wasn't poisoned! -
  • It was covered with symbols. -
  • Were they blessed? -
  • Both doors were closed. -
  • My task was done. -