Future perfect passive

Future perfect passive

Время Future Perfect Passive (Будущее совершенное, пассивный залог) используется, когда нужно описать действие, которое закончится к определенному моменту времени в будущем. Пассивный залог показывает, что для говорящего результат действия важнее, чем его исполнитель. Исполнитель часто не упоминается в предложении: он может быть очевиден, неважен или неизвестен.

Показателями Future Perfect, которые указывают на необходимость использования этого времени, являются следующие слова:

  • by next week (month/year/…) – к следующей неделе (месяцу/году/…);

My new project will have been started by next week. – Мой новый проект будет начат к следующей неделе.

  • by then – к тому времени; by Saturday – к субботе и т.д.

The house will be cleaned by then. – Дом будет убран к субботе.

Момент времени может выражаться с помощью конструкции before/when + Present Simple:

  • before he comes – прежде чем он придет;

The class will have been finished before he comes. – Урок будет закончен прежде, чем он придет.

  • when she returns – когда она вернется.

The letters will have been written when she returns. – Письма будут написаны, когда она вернется.

Время Future Perfect образуется по следующим схемам:

Positive sentence:

Субъект (но не исполнитель действия) + will have been + правильный глагол с окончанием -ed/третья форма неправильного глагола + остальные слова

The bike will have been sold by Monday. – Велосипед будет продан к понедельнику.

Negative sentence:

субъект (но не исполнитель действия) + will not have/won’t been + правильный глагол с окончанием -ed/третья форма неправильного глагола + остальные слова

The task will not/won’t have been done by tomorrow. – Задание не будет сделано к завтрашнему дню.

General question (yes/no):

Will + субъект (но не исполнитель действия) + have been + правильный глагол с окончанием -ed/третья форма неправильного глагола + остальные слова

Will the room have been decorated by tonight? – Комната будет украшена к сегодняшнему вечеру?

Special question:

Вопросительное слово (What, When, How и т.д.) + will + субъект (но не исполнитель действия) + have been + правильный глагол с окончанием -ed/третья форма неправильного глагола + остальные слова

When will the decision have been made? – Когда решение будет сделано?

Примеры использования Future perfect passive

  • Your car won't have been repaired by tomorrow morning. -
  • The restaurant will have been opened by June. -
  • By what time will the breakfast have been served? -
  • Will the car have been sold by next month? -
  • The apartment will have been cleaned by noon. -
  • The fire will not have been extinguished by noon. -
  • The house will have been painted by Monday. -
  • Will the roof have been repaired by Wednesday? -
  • The house will not have been sold by May. -
  • What will have been done by the end of the week? -
  • The deal will not have been closed by next week. -
  • The lesson will not have been finished before you arrive. -
  • The palace will have been renovated by new year. -
  • The dinner will have been cooked by seven pm. -
  • My house will not have been renovated by next month. -
  • The performance won't have been finished when he comes. -
  • The money won't have been reimbursed by tomorrow. -
  • Will the windows have been cleaned by twelve o'clock? -
  • The invitations will have been sent by Tuesday. -
  • His homework will not have been done by four pm. -
  • Will the parcel have been delivered by four pm? -
  • The book will not have been finished by next month. -
  • Will a place for the party have been chosen by next week? -
  • The market will not have been opened by noon. -
  • By what time will the president have been elected? -
  • A venue for the concert will have been chosen by next week. -
  • The stadium construction will have been finished by July. -
  • What will have been finished by eleven o'clock? -
  • His bike won't have been found by the evening. -
  • By what time will the article have been published? -
  • By what time will the pizza have been delivered? -
  • Will the hall have been decorated before the performance starts? -
  • The problem will not have been solved by tomorrow. -
  • The article will have been finished by tomorrow. -
  • The room for you will have been booked by two o'clock. -
  • The letters will have been sent by five o'clock. -
  • The theatre will have been opened by December. -
  • The breakfast will have been served by eight am. -
  • Will the job have been finished by Monday? -
  • The lunch won't have been cooked by one o'clock. -
  • What will have been achieved by the end of the year? -
  • The entrance will have been closed by midnight. -
  • Will the dinner have been served by six pm? -