Future Perfect Continuous

Future perfect continuous

Время Future Perfect Continuous (Будущее совершенное длительное) указывает на действие, которое начнется и будет продолжаться в течение какого-то времени в будущем. Акцент делается не только на результат, но и на временной промежуток, в который разворачивается действие. Это время достаточно редко используется в письменной речи, а в устной – практически никогда.

В предложении, где используется Future Perfect Continuous, обязательно нужно указывать период, в течение которого совершается действие. Это можно сделать с помощью сочетания предлогов by…for:

  • By September she will have been working here for a year. – В сентябре будет год, как она работает здесь. Дословно: К сентябрю она будет работать здесь год.
  • By next week he will not be living here for six months. – На следующей неделе будет шесть месяцев, как он не живет здесь. Дословно: К следующей неделе он не будет жить здесь шесть месяцев.

Также период можно обозначить с помощью выражений

  • by that time - к тому времени (By that time we will have been dating for five months – К тому времени мы будем встречаться пять месяцев)
  • before - прежде чем (She will have been studying Spanish for half a year before she goes to Argentina – Она будет изучать испанский полгода, прежде чем уедет в Аргентину)
  • when – когда (He will have been staying here for a month when she comes – Он будет находиться тут месяц, когда она приедет)

и др.

Future Perfect Continuous образуется с помощью вспомогательных глаголов will have been и герундия смыслового глагола (глагол с окончанием -ing).

Предложения с Future Perfect Continuous образуются по следующим схемам:

Positive sentence

Субъект + will have been + gerund (-ing) + остальные слова

He will have been cleaning the room for two hours by noon. В полдень будет два часа, как он убирает комнату.

Negative sentence

Субъект + will + not + have been + gerund (-ing) + остальные слова

She will not have been practising yoga for five months by then. К тому моменту она не будет заниматься йогой пять месяцев.

General question (yes/no)

Will + субъект + have been + gerund (-ing) + остальные слова

Will you have been working there for three years by December? В декабре будет три года, как ты работаешь там?

Special question

Вопросительное слово (чаще всего How long) + will + субъект + have been + gerund (-ing) + остальные слова

How long will they have been doing tennis by the end of the year? Как долго они будут заниматься теннисом к концу года?

Примеры использования Future Perfect Continuous

  • She'll not have been studying here for a year by May. -
  • I'll not have been driving for five years by December. -
  • They'll not have been living next to us for five months by November. -
  • By two o'clock they'll have been discussing this problem for five hours. -
  • How long will you have been working as a psychologist when you have your own clinic? -
  • Will they have been dating for five years by September? -
  • She will not have been working here enough to get any benefits by next month. -
  • How long will she have been staying in New York before she goes back to Moscow? -
  • Will you have been renovating your apartment for five months by tomorrow? -
  • We will have been flying for ten hours before we get to New York. -
  • She'll not have been living in the centre for several months by new year. -
  • By noon she will have been running for two hours. -
  • Will he have not been dating Lisa for two years by November? -
  • How long will he have been driving before he reaches Michigan? -
  • Will you have not been talking to your mother for two months by next week? -
  • How long will she have been doing athletics when she goes to the Olympic games? -
  • Will your sister have been seeing that guy for ten years by December? -
  • Will you have been dancing long enough to take part in the contest? -
  • Will I have been working here long enough to get a promotion? -
  • How long will she have been studying French before she goes to Canada? -
  • Will she have been working there long enough to retire? -
  • We'll not have been travelling for two years by March. -
  • By new year he will have been playing football for four years. -
  • By next week I will have been working here for five years. -
  • You'll not have been living with your husband for half a year by next week. -
  • He will have been flying for five hours before he gets to London. -
  • This summer they will not have been living here even for a year. -
  • She'll have been studying Spanish for three years when she graduates. -
  • Will he have been teaching French for thirteen years by new year? -
  • Will I have not been working here for a year by next month? -
  • By six o'clock she'll have been waiting for her train for eleven hours. -
  • I'll have been living abroad for ten years by July. -
  • By January I will have been running my company for two years. -
  • Will they have been living there for eight years by next month? -
  • Will she have been playing volleyball professionally for seven years by then? -
  • How long will she have been renting this room when she buys her own flat? -
  • I'll be exhausted because I'll have been exercising for two hours by noon. -
  • She will have been driving for two days before she gets to Chicago. -
  • By October he will not have been working long enough to go on holiday. -
  • I'll not have been seeing Mary for a year by February. -
  • By next week I will not have been studying there for a month. -
  • I'll not have been travelling for five years by July. -
  • In a month she will not have been living here for five years. -
  • How long will she have been studying here before she graduates? -
  • By the time he gets home he'll have been running for an hour. -
  • How long will they have been living in London before they go to Paris? -
  • How long will you have been living here by new year? -
  • How long will he have been training before the next game? -
  • He'll not have been playing basketball professionally for a year by next month. -
  • Will you have not been playing football for nine years by January? -