Present Continuous vs. Present Perfect Continuous

Настоящее длительное и Настоящее совершенное продолженное

Present Continuous употребляется, когда нужно рассказать, что вы делаете в настоящий момент.

Чтобы составить утвердительное предложение в Present Continuous, необходимо:

1. На первое место поставить I/we/you/they/he/she/it или существительное в единственном или во множественном числе;
2. am/is/are;
3. Глагол с окончанием - ing;
4. Остальные слова.

Обратите внимание на употребление to be в Present Continuous.

- I употребляется только с am;
- He/she/it или существительное в единственном числе употребляются с is;
- We/you/they или существительное во множественном числе употребляются с are.

Present Perfect Continuous указывает на то, что действие началось в прошлом и продолжается в настоящем. Present Perfect Continuous используют, когда нужно подчеркнуть продолжительность действия.

Чтобы составить утвердительное предложение с местоимениями I/we/you/they или с существительными, необходимо:

1.Поставить на первое место I/we/you/they или существительное(-ые) во множественном числе;
2. have;
3. been;
4. К глаголу добавить окончание -ing;
5. Остальные слова.

Чтобы составить утвердительное предложение с местоимениями he/she/it или с существительным, необходимо:

1. Поставить на первое место he/she/it или существительное в единственном числе;
2. has;
3. been;
4. К глаголу добавить окончание -ing;
5. Остальные слова.

Примеры использования Present Continuous vs. Present Perfect Continuous

  • What are you doing tomorrow? -
  • My mum is not working at the moment. -
  • What book are you reading now? -
  • I have not been doing sports for two years. -
  • Call me later, I am riding my bike. -
  • Be quiet, Alice is sleeping. -
  • My brother is not sleeping, he is playing now. -
  • Why are you shouting at me now? -
  • Children have not been swimming that long. -
  • My sister is so tired, she has been studying all morning. -
  • Are you using my phone? Give it back to me! -
  • My dad has been reading this book for a month. -
  • They have been travelling since September. -
  • I have been driving for six hours without stopping. -
  • Who is calling you? It is late. -
  • How long have you been learning Chinese? -
  • I am reading now. -
  • Are you leaving? It's only nine pm. -
  • How long has your brother been living in London? -
  • My mum has been cooking all afternoon. -
  • My fiancee has not been talking to me for three days. -
  • It is raining, take an umbrella! -
  • My student has not been writing an article for a week. -
  • How long has John been playing chess? -
  • You are so dirty! What have you been doing? -
  • Is your cousin coming to the party? -
  • We are painting the walls in the bedroom now. -
  • What happened? Why are you crying? -
  • James is playing football at the moment. -
  • I have not been dancing for half a year. -
  • I have been waiting for you all day. -
  • My son has been writing his essay for two hours. -
  • You are sweaty! Have you been exercising? -
  • I have not been crying for an hour. -
  • My wife is working on her new project at the moment. -
  • Julia has not been using her car for two weeks. -
  • Who is knocking on the door? I'll open. -
  • I usually walk to work but today I am taking a bus. -
  • We have not been arguing for two weeks. -
  • Wait here, my sister is getting dressed. -
  • I have been working here for five years. -
  • You have been eating a lot recently. -
  • Paul is not smiling, is he okay? -
  • I can't talk now, I am studying. -
  • My daughter has not been studying maths for a month. -
  • Mum is cooking, go and help her. -
  • Where are your parents going now? -
  • Are they moving at the moment? -